Google is celebrating a Mexican regional music genre Mariachi with a Doodle video on November 24, 2020. It is an essential part of Mexico’s rich cultural heritage: the musical genre of Mariachi.
What is Mariachi?
Mariachi is a genre of regional Mexican music that dates back to at least the 18th century, developing over time in the countryside of different parts of western Mexico.
The typical mariachi band today consists of more than eight violins, two trumpets, and at least one guitar, including a high-pitched vihuela and an acoustic bass guitar called guitarrÃ³n, and all players alternate lead vocals and backing vocals.
From the 19th to the 20th century, the relocation of rural territories to Guadalajara, in parallel with the cultural promotion of the Mexican government, gradually reclassified it as Son style, its elective name of âMariachiâ being used for the âurbanâ form.
Changes in music incorporate impacts from other music, for example polkas and waltzes, the expansion of trumpets, and the use of charro outfits by mariachi musicians. The musical style began to gain national significance in the first half of the 20th century, with its promotion in presidential and radio presentations during the 1920s.
In 2011, UNESCO perceived Mariachi as an intangible cultural heritage, joining six different entries on the Mexican list of this category.
Song styles and instrumentals performed with mariachi include rancheras, corridos, cumbias, boleros, ballads, sones, huapangos, jarabes, danzones, joropos, pasodobles, marches, polkas , waltzes and chotÃs.
Most of the song lyrics are about machismo, love, betrayal, death, politics, revolutionary heroes and country life.
Strangely, the story is not 100% sure of the true origin of “mariachi” or even the exact source of the music we know today as mariachi. Some traditions have their roots in Jalisco, a state located in western Mexico, especially since the mariachi style depended on the previous genre of “son jalisciense”.
Despite his actual musical influences, mariachi is also known for his clothes. Most of the musicians of the genre – also called “mariachis” – wear the traditional outfit of the charro, a kind of horseman.
Starting in western Mexico in the 18th century, a traditional mariachi band consisted of at least two violins, an acoustic guitar, an acoustic bass guitar called guitarrÃ³n, and a vihuela – a guitar with a rounded back that produces high-pitched sounds. . Modern mariachi bands have added trumpets, a vocalist, and even an occasional harp.
The musicians wear a traje de charro, the costume of a Mexican cowboy consisting of tight pants, a short jacket and a wide-brimmed sombrero finely decorated with embroidery and gold or silver buttons.
Mariachi is often performed at weddings and birthday parties, as well as at funerals. It can also be heard in the squares of Mexico and the southwest of the United States, El Paso, Texas, Los Angeles.
In 2011, UNESCO perceived mariachi as part of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity, claiming that: âMariachi music conveys values ââof respect for the natural heritage of the regions of Mexico and local history in the Spanish language and in the various Indian languages ââof western Mexico. . “
Google video doodle to celebrate Mariachi
On November 24, 2020, the Google Doodle video observes Mariachi, Mexico’s quintessential folk music, and has become a symbol of the country’s culture.
The most recent Google Doodle is a short video featuring a small example of what Mariachi makes, including instruments like the guitarrÃ³n, vihuela, and trumpet. The Google Doodle video is set to Cielito Lindo, a classic song regularly used as an approach to show off a symbol of Mexican pride and community.
The Mariachi group is shown playing the basic instruments of the musical genre, including the guitarrÃ³n (a six-string bass), the vihuela (a five-string guitar), the violin, the trumpet and the harp and carrying the trajes de charro. traditional (charro costumes).
To celebrate the obvious group of trumpets, guitars and violins, Google on Tuesday dedicated a musical and animated Doodle to what exactly has become the Mexico City sound. The Doodle includes a mariachi band serenade from the classic song Cielito Lindo – typically interpreted in Spanish as a “Lovely Sweet One”.
As to why Google chose this day to celebrate mariachi, it has to do with UNESCO – the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization – which put mariachi on its representative list. of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity at that time in 2011.